In Taylor v Asteron Life Ltd  NZHC 978 the High Court (Cooke J) dismissed a claim by an insured, Peter Taylor, to recover benefits under an income protection policy and upheld the insurer’s claim to recover $371,286.70 in payments made plus interest to be determined. The Court found that Mr Taylor was not totally disabled because he continued to work after his alleged “sickness”. The insurer called as witnesses three employees of Mr Taylor who gave evidence about the extent of Mr Taylor’s work that was far greater than what Mr Taylor said. Documents also contradicted Mr Taylor’s evidence. The Court also found that Mr Taylor was not partially disabled either because any sickness/illness did not affect his work and he actually earned more money after the sickness/illness than he did prior. Mr Taylor also made false statements about work and income that entitled Asteron to avoid/cancel the policy and recover money paid. The judgment is notable for reference to false duplicate sets of accounts for Mr Taylor’s business.
Notwithstanding the success of the Greater Christchurch Claims Resolution Service it appears the Government is proceeding with the establishment of the Canterbury Earthquakes Tribunal. Based on the version of the bill reported from the House on 9 May 2019 the goal is for the Tribunal to exist from 10 June 2019. The Tribunal still cannot deal with “on solds” being houses sold after the relevant earthquake(s). Unlike the GCCRS the decisions of the Tribunal are public. The Tribunal still has restrictions on the ability to award costs.
The judgment in Self-Realization Meditation and Healing Centre Charitable Trust (New Zealand) v IAG New Zealand Ltd & ors  NZHC 763 is emblematic of disputes post failed earthquake remedial work where IAG insured the house and was involved in the remedial work. The homeowner sued IAG who then joined as third parties three building entities involved and two Hawkins companies. The Court struck out the notices against two builders. The third builder is insolvent. The Hawkins companies are in receivership and liquidation. QBE insured Hawkins, but the extent of its liability is uncertain. So IAG will be the last man standing.
In Doig v Tower Insurance Ltd  NZCA 107 the Court of Appeal dismissed an appeal by the Doigs about Tower’s representations about insurance cover/rights on a Redcliffe house the Doigs bought in a damaged state in September 2012 after the Canterbury earthquakes. The Doigs said that Tower had represented to them that they would get the reinstatement rights under the assigned policy rather than indemnity value. The Court confirmed the High Court view that Tower had not made an unequivocal representation about replacement cover and in any event the Doigs had not relied on any representation to their detriment as they were already legally committed to the purchase. The Doigs also said that they ought to have been awarded interest on the indemnity payment from the date of the earthquake of 22 February 2011. The Court disagreed and said that Tower did not have to pay until EQC had paid cap which was not until after July 2016. It also said that there was no policy right to interest for late payment and because there was no substantive judgment there could be no separate judgment for interest under s87 of the Judicature Act 1908.
The High Court (Andrew AJ) judgment in Brinsdon v Beazley & anor  NZHC 808 considered an application by an insurance broker (GH Beazley) and insurer (Vero) to strike out the claims brought in Court by JR Brinsdon relating to earthquake damage from earthquakes in 2010 and 2011 on the grounds that they were brought more than 6 years after the relevant events. Mr Brinsdon did not commence proceedings until September 2017. Ms Brinsdon said that she was under-insured as a result of defective advice from Mr Beazley on inception and renewal of policies. The cost to remediate the house on Rutland St, Christhurch far exceeded the total sum cover of $223,143.70 placed. The Court refused to strike out the claims. The Court said that that the defendants had ongoing duties of care to ensure and/or advise about the adequacy of insurance cover. it was at least arguable that the defendants breached duties by failing to disclose that the 2010 policy was subject to a monetary sum insured and they knew Ms Brinsdon was under a misapprehension about the cover. This was sufficient to postpone the limitation period on the grounds of equitable fraud. Separately Ms Brinsdon established a credible case to postpone the limitation period based on late knowledge. So the proceedings continue.
In May 2017 IAG declined the earthquake damage claim by Stephen & Alexis Coyle on the grounds that they had fabricated or modified documents to inflate the cost to rebuild their damaged property so as to bolster their position in the course of the negotiation of a cash settlement of their claim. In Cogle v IAG New Zealand Ltd  NZHC 793 Lester AJ granted an application by IAG to have an expert inspect electronic equipment to investigate whether the equipment had been used to alter/create documents that appeared to be dubious. Documents on letterhead(s) of a builder and supplier were according to the builder and supplier not provided by them.
In Tower Insurance Ltd v Kilduff & anor  NZCA 82 the Court of Appeal dismissed Tower’s appeal against a High Court decision that awarded the homeowners costs of $81,249 and disbursements of $122,515.20 after a trial about earthquake damage to the house at 101 Clifton Terrace, Sumner. The Court of Appeal upheld the decision of Gendall J that Kilduff was successful after the hearing notwithstanding that on a claim for a cash payment of $1,952,891 from Tower; Kilduff only recovered a declaration that Tower was liable to pay up to $871,042.14 (including EQC) being net $628,516.01 for specified work once done. The Court noted that that it was not unusual for a plaintiff to obtain relief in the precise terms of the statement of claim. Success on limited terms is still success for costs purposes. Tower made “calderbank” offers of $650,000 in August 2017 and $734,000 in late October 2017. Tower could not prove that its offers exceeded the amount recovered including costs and disbursements at the time of the offer. So the offers had no effect on a costs award. The Court noted that if Tower had made its $734,000 offer early in the dispute it would have beaten the amount recovered. The Court of Appeal upheld the awarding of band C for witness statements, hearing preparation and written submissions.
In Myall v Tower Insurance Ltd  NZHC 528 the High Court (Dunningham J) considered whether an insured should account for interest to the insurer on a partial claim payment; whether Tower must pay the full replacement value in cash now and any interest payable on the full replacement value fixed by the Court. Myall insured his house at 81 Ainsley Terrace, Christchurch for a floor area of 650m2. The house was damaged beyond repair in the earthquakes. It turned out the house was actually 799m2. After hearings in the High Court and Court of Appeal the full replacement value was fixed/agreed to be $5,273,021.71. Tower made interim payments of $1,359,000 in January 2012 and $1,612,644.12 in April 2013. It asked the Court to order Myall to account for interest of $431,138.71 on the part payments when/if Tower ultimately paid full replacement value. The Court declined to order interest as the policy did not provide for it and Tower did not specify it before it made the payments. Mr Myall said that because Tower had elected to cash settle it was liable to pay now even though Mr Myall has not replaced the house. The Court disagreed and said that the election was made under the policy which required the insured to reinstate, or replace, the house before payment. The Court did not consider the argument that any replacement house had to be in NZ. It did not award interest on the full replacement value. The judgment also records that Mr Myall is to pay Tower $32,000 for costs on the first High Court hearing.
In Richmond Hill Holdings Ltd v IAG New Zealand Ltd  NZHC 380 the High Court (Lester AJ) refused to enter summary judgment against IAG for cash settlements on 2 properties where the owners claimed that IAG was estopped from resiling from its promises in letters September 2013 that IAG would cash settle based on rebuild costings by a named quantity surveyor. IAG later said that it would cash settle, but exclude from the cash sum amounts for retaining walls, demolition and professional fees until they were incurred. The Court decided that IAG had represented that the cash settlement figure would be the rebuild cost without exclusions, however, it was uncertain of reliance on the representation(s) by the owners and decided that it was not shown that would be unconscionable for IAG to change its position. So the claim continues.
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